王江:中国始终坚持从本国国情和宗教实际出发实行宗教信仰自由政策
文章作者:  发布时间:2022-04-07  浏览次数:26

联合国人权理事会第49届会议于228日至41日在日内瓦召开。会议期间,中国人权研究会代表、浙江师范大学特聘教授王江就宗教信仰自由问题提交视频发言。以下是中英文发言全文:

主席:

我是来自浙江师范大学的王江,我代表中国人权研究会发言。中国宪法明确规定宗教信仰自由是公民的一项基本权利。多年来的实践已充分证明,中国始终坚持从本国国情和宗教实际出发,实行宗教信仰自由政策,保障公民宗教信仰自由权利,构建积极健康的宗教关系,维护宗教和睦与社会和谐。同时,中国坚持在法治框架内保障宗教信仰自由。在国家立法层面《宗教事务条例》与《民法总则》中的相关条款,均对公民宗教信仰自由提供了强有力的法治保障。作为一个多民族、多宗教的国家,相关法治框架不仅有助于处理各宗教之间的关系,亦有利于处理信教群众与不信教群众之间的关系。因此,中国的相关立法不仅具有保障公民宗教信仰自由的功能,而且具有规范宗教秩序的功能。

值得注意的是,某些国家和势力出于意识形态偏见,长期就涉疆、涉藏、涉港事务炮制散布大量虚假信息,声称上述地区“限制宗教信仰自由”、“剥夺少数民族公民信教权利”。这样的陈述不仅与事实相悖,并试图挑拨不同族裔、不同信仰群体之间的关系,更明目张胆地支持分裂势力、危害中国国家安全。这无疑对相关的人权对话、合作、保护都带来了破坏性影响,而中国也并非意识形态偏见、虚假信息、干涉主权事务的唯一受害国,这一现象需要国际社会予以警惕。

Chairman   

 I’m Wang Jiang from Zhejiang Normal University, and I represent the China Society for Human Rights Studies.    

The Chinese Constitution clearly stipulates that freedom of religious belief is a basic right of citizens. Practices over the years have fully proved that China has always adhered to its own national conditions and religious reality, implemented the policy of freedom of religious belief, guaranteed citizens' right to freedom of religious belief, built positive and healthy religious relations, and maintained religious and social harmony.    

At the same time, China insists on guaranteeing freedom of religious belief within the framework of the rule of law. At the national legislative level, the Regulation on Religious Affairs and the relevant provisions in the General Rules of the Civil Law both provide a strong legal guarantee for citizens' freedom of religious belief. As a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country, the relevant legal framework is not only helpful for dealing with the relationship between religions, but also between the believers and non-believers. Therefore, China's relevant legislation not only has the function of guaranteeing citizens' freedom of religious belief, but also has the function of regulating religious order.    

It is worth noting that some countries and forces have long spread a large amount of false information on XinjiangTibet and Hong Kong related affairs. Based on specific ideological prejudices, claiming that the above-mentioned areas restrict freedom of religious belief and deprive minority citizens religious right. Such statements not only contradict the facts, but also try to provoke relations between different ethnic groups and different religion groups, blatantly support separatist forces and endanger China's national security. This undoubtedly has a destructive impact on relevant human rights dialogue, cooperation and protection, and China is not the only victim of ideological prejudice, false information, and interference in sovereign affairs. This phenomenon requires the international community to be vigilant.

    

作者:王江,系中国人权研究会代表、浙江师范大学特聘教授